January 2019,  Blog Two
Do you know where the word “discipline” comes from?  It came from the word “disciple” which means a follower; one who believes in the teachings and wants to  learn..  In my mind, our children are like our disciples and when we apply discipline, we should be teaching them our values and priorities.  I am not sure how the word came to be equated with punishment.  But it didn’t start out that way.
On the other hand, going into long explanations is not supportive of the learning process.  In fact, kids of all ages stop listening after the first few sentences and we lose them.  All they hear is "Bla, Bla, Bla". So where is the productive middle between shouting out a punishment  or a threat for repeated  offences and spending time after each event reviewing the logic behind the requirement.

I think we can all agree that if the behavior does not stop after threatening punishment or after instituting a punishment, the consequence of the actions have not been successful in the remediation of the behavior.  Kids who have behavior management issues do not relate the cause and effect of the event and the punishment the same way an emotionally mature adult would.  Kids have cognitive distortions that help them to rationalize their behavior and project onto the adult the unfairness of it all; or that someone else made them act this way  If we do not address these cognitive distortions and help the child evaluate their thinking, they continue to project their problems on others.

What are cognitive distortions?  If we separate the words, we define cognitive as thoughts, or the process of thinking.  A distortion is a misguided  interpretation of something perceived.   It could be anything really; an event, a conversation, some ones actions, a look on someone’s  face or a facial expression, etc.  If our interpretation of day to day interactions with people is distorted in some way, it affects how we feel and how we react or behave.  As Martin Henley says in Classroom Management: Youths who are impulsive and aggressive, in particular, harbor cognitive distortions that serve as buffers between their behavior and their culpability. These cognitive distortions provide rationales for antisocial behavior.  (p.39)

Some examples of cognitive distortions are:  all or nothing thinking, over generalization, magnification of the importance of a situation, or Black or white thinking.  Kids who share responses that align with these or other categories of thinking, need help from us in making different connections to people and events .  We do this by taking the time to try to understand their thought process.   Without helping them change their thinking, the behavior will not change.  In fact, they find better ways, more effective ways to deal with distorted perceptions of events and people.  Kids think if they have a thought, it must be true.  They often do not understand that we have zillions of thoughts that pop into our head a day.  But because we think something, it does not make it true.  Nor does it mean we need to act on our feelings immediately.

In Freeing Your Child From Negative Thinking by Tamar I. Chansky, Ph.D. (p.70), in sharing a story about her daughter having difficulty accepting a condition, said she needed to do nothing about dealing with her daughters negative feeling except sit with her while she processed the situation.  In a no judgement zone, the conversion with her daughter is as follows:  “I said,  Raia, you are really upset, aren’t you? Yes, she said.  The first yes!  You love that game, don’t you?  It’s hard to stop, right? Yes and Yes   Are you ready to feel better?  No, she said,  not yet."  What an amazing conversation.  Validation of ones feelings without judging them.  No long diatribe about growing up or getting over it.  Instead, a lesson in thoughts and feelings and how they change if we give them time.  We as parents and other professionals who work with kids every day, cannot fix everything nor explain every decision. We can take the time to show the kids we understand their feelings and maybe in some cases address their concerns.
Let’s review three  main points.  One:  punishment does not help a child learn to think, feel or behave in more appropriate ways.  Two: thoughts are not always truth and teaching our children how to analyze a situation and the thoughts that accompany them, will teach them a skill they will use as an adult.  And finally:   many thoughts, reactions to events and people, as well as the feelings that accompany, them are really valid.  We do not, however need to react to them immediately.  Sometimes we need to sit with them and reflect on their importance and their affect on us short and long term.


  1. Thank you Judi.
    I love reading your blog.
    There's so much valuable information.
    I believe that teachers who care about children and work with them for many years will eventually stumble upon ideas and strategies that help them discipline children in the way you describe.

    You mentioned this... the word “disciple” which means a follower; one who believes in the teachings and wants to  learn..  In my mind, our children are like our disciples and when we apply discipline, we should be teaching them our values and priorities.

    Teaching them our values and priorities:
    Leo Buscaglia, in his book “Living, Loving and Learning” talked about the importance of learning and growing and having more value to offer the people we choose to help. We choose to live and love and learn so that we can help more effectively.

    If we want our students to learn from our values and priorities there's an implied responsibility to make sure we model values and priorities that will make their lives better. Im order to do this, I need to begin by loving myself, caring for myself, learning how to be the best version of myself so that I can live well, love well and be a transformative guide.

    The word “disciple” which means a follower; one who believes in the teachings and wants to  learn:
    When our students join our classes, they haven't chosen to be our followers. In a sense they are forced to be there. When we control them with the power of our position we ensure they will never want to be our followers.
    I think there's a process we need to guide our students through...almost an initiation...in the best sense of the word. We can guide them through a transition from just being our students to choosing to become our followers.

    This is where developing the right environment is essential

    If you are teaching in a community that respects you because they know you care, it's much easier to guide children through this transition.
    If you are in a community that shares the same vision, the same desire to help children grow up well and parents, school leaders and teachers support each other, the entire environment can support the process of guiding children to feel safe, loved and respected.

    The first step to guiding children to following us, is to show them that we respect them. Treat them with respect and guide them to understand the importance of treating each other with respect. Day after day, week after week, if we are consistent in creating a loving and supporting environment, our students will begin to feel loved and valued, seen and heard...respected as human beings.

    If we take responsibility to love first, respect first, find value in them first, they will want to be in our classroom. If given the choice they will choose to be in our class, they will follow us, open to learning from us, ready to learn from our values and priorities.

    When I first started teaching and was fumbling my way forward because I couldn't find anyone to guide me, I used traditional methods of control...telling students what to do...I met some students who refused to accept my control. Students who refused to be bent to my will.
    Those beautiful young people were my mentors. They got me thinking...why should they do as I say. Why should they place themselves to my control. They helped me begin the process of shifting my leadership approach from pushing to pulling. You can't push a piece of string forward without it bunching up in a mess. But if you pull it from the other end, it moves forward smoothly and easily.

    Teachers who teach with their heart learn how to guide children to want to follow, to choose to accept our leadership because they feel our love and respect our values and priorities

    Theo Joubert


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